Thursday, August 06, 2020

Gohatto: Movie Review (Scripted)

Video version of an old post (as I explained about HERE)
For the original post, see:
Finished: The Age of Myth by Michael J. Sullivan--As always, I'm pretty busy these days.  But I'll try to get a review of this up before too much time passes.  We'll see.

Verb Tenses and Aspects Overview

(TESOL Worksheets--Teacher Training, Verb Tenses)

Google: drive, docs, pub
[Notes: This is something I designed when I was working in teacher training to help new teachers get their heads around the tense, aspect and voice system.  It could also be used for students.] 

past tense
present tense
future (tense?)
to eat
he ate pizza
he eats pizza
he will eat pizza
to be eaten
pizza was eaten
pizza is eaten
pizza will be eaten
to be eating
he was eating pizza
he is eating pizza
he will be eating pizza
to be being eaten
pizza was being eaten
pizza is being eaten
pizza will be being eaten
to have eaten
he had eaten pizza
he has eaten pizza
he will have eaten pizza
to have been eaten
pizza had been eaten
pizza has been eaten
pizza will have been eaten
perfect continuous
to have been eating
he had been eating pizza
he has been eating pizza
he will have been eating pizza
to have been being eaten
pizza had been being eaten
pizza has been being eaten
pizza will have been being eaten

* Not all verbs have a passive voice.  Only verbs which have direct objects can be put in the passive.  For example, “I eat pizza” has a passive equivalent, but not “I sleep” or “I walk”
* Some linguists argue that English has no future tense, because the so-called “future simple” does not have its own verb form, but rather “modal verb + base form”.  However the terminology differs from one grammar book to another, and some grammar books do refer to a future tense. 
* Some of these verb structures, while technically possible, are extremely rare.  For example, a native speaker is unlikely to ever use the present perfect continuous passive (“has been being eaten”).  However, all the forms are included in this table to help illustrate the patterns of inflection.
* Infinitive structures are not considered tenses because they exist outside of time.  (Hence the name infinitive, meaning non-finite).  For example, notice how the infinitive structure does not change in these sentences even though the time reference does:
He wants to eat pizza.
He wanted to eat pizza.
He will want to eat pizza.
* Aspects can also be put into the infinitive.  For example, someone once said to a friend of mine, “You don’t want to travel, you want to have travelled.”  Meaning, she wanted to have travel stories to tell at dinner parties, but she didn’t enjoy the experience of actually travelling itself.